Endometriosis is a hormonal and immune condition occurring in girls and women in reproductive age. It is associated with the growth of the mucosal tissue of the uterus (endometrium) and its presence within the abdominal cavity. The endometrial cells produce mediators (chemical substances), which to significant extent affect negatively the process of ovulation, fertilisation and, later on, embryo implantation in the uterine cavity.
The cause of the problem is diagnosed on the basis of performed laboratory tests, examination of the bottom of the uterus and/or laparoscopy. When endometriosis is diagnosed, the therapy increasing the patient’s fertility is selected by the doctor – depending on the stage of the disease’s development and its severity.
Sometimes – where the course of the disease is mild or mild to moderate – the treatment consists in limiting the symptoms of the disease; in more problematic cases it may, however, require in vitro fertilisation.